Function Point – Step by Step Guide with Numerical Examples

As a Software Engineer, one of the major difficult questions faced by the client or management is What is the cost and time for the software development? It’s difficult to weigh the real value or worth of software. One of the best ways to estimate the software development cost and time is based on previous software development experience.

To measure the standard worth of the software, as a unit of software worth, Function Point was developed. Functional Point was first defined by Allan Albrecht of IBM in 1977.

Study another type of Software Estimation: COCOMO MODEL

Function Point

  1. It measures functionality from the user’s point of view.
  2. What the user receives from Software and what the user requests from Software.
  3. Focuses on what functionality is being delivered.

A Functional Point is a unit of measurement to express the amount of business functionality an information system provides to a user. – Source: Wikipedia

Funcation Point

How to Calculate Functional Points?

Final F.P = UFP X CAF

UFP = Unadjusted Function Point

CAF = Complexity Adjustment Factor

Step 1: Each Function point is ranked according to complexity. There exist per-defined weights for each F.P in each category.

Step 2: Calculate the Unadjusted Function Point by multiplying each F.P. by its corresponding weight factor.

UFP = Sum of all the Complexities of all the EI’s, EO’s EQ’s, ILF’s and EIF’s

Functional UnitWighting Factors
External Inputs (EI) 346
External Outputs (EO) 457
External Enquired (EQ) 346
Internal Logic Files (ILF)  71015
External Interface Files (EIF) 5710

14 aspects of processing complexity questions are as follows:

  1. Data Communication
  2. Distributed Data Processing
  3. Performance
  4. Heavily Used Configuration
  5. Transaction Role
  6. Online Data Entry
  7. End-User Efficiency
  8. Online Update
  9. Complex Processing
  10. Reusability
  11. Installation Ease
  12. Operational Ease
  13. Multiple Sites
  14. Facilitate Change

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